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Authors: Bardash, Sergii
Osadcha, T. S.
Keywords: theory of rent
rent relations
rent payment
accounting of results of rent relations
Issue Date: 2018
Abstract: In the conditions of the implementation of the concept of sustainable development, the study of accounting reflection of the results of rent relations becomes relevant in view of solving a number of strategic tasks that today face economic entities. The solution to this problem is proposed on the basis of the definition in the system of accounting concepts of economic nature of results of rent relations arising owing to the involvement of renting factors in the economic process. The purpose of the research is to determine the formulation of proposals for the accounting reflection of the results of rental relations. The methodological basis of the study is the historical and logical method used to study the evolution of rent and approaches to the disclosure of its economic meaning. The dialectical method and comparative analysis are used to identify significant differences in the definition of rent, formed at different stages and forms of economic relations. Methods of analysis, synthesis, induction, deduction, abstraction, idealization, and generalization are used to identify the results of rent relations in the system of accounting concepts and the formulation of proposals for accounting rent and rent payments. Scientific results. Based on the critical assessment of the plurality of researchers’ opinions regarding the disclosure of the economic content of the rent, it has been established that: the rent is an integral part of the value added, but the added value in the accounting system is not accounted; the rent is a component of the income from operating activities carried out with the use or exploitation of limited natural resources; the complication of the previous value appraisal of rent makes it impossible to reflect it as a part of income; the amount of rent depends on the demand for the goods. If the product is sold at cost or below the cost, there will be no rent. The higher the sales price, the greater the share of rent in sales income. Taking into account the above, the rent as an income from the extraction/use of natural resources, as well as the use of other renting factors, is proposed to be reflected on the off-balance sheet account “Rent” with the allocation of sub-accounts by type of economic rent received. Rent payments are proposed to be attributed to operating expenses since their inclusion in production costs contradicts the economic nature of such costs, unjustifiably increases the prime cost, and contradicts the principle of equitable distribution of rent. The practical importance of the study is to increase the level of disclosure of information for making managerial decisions, in particular: determining the maximum allowable reduction in the price of sales of finished products, while maintaining an acceptable level of profitability for increasing demand, expanding the market and, consequently, increasing profits; directing the entire amount of rent or its part to the implementation of environmental measures, modernization of the material and technical base, activation of innovation activities, etc. Value/originality. The main advantages of the research conducted are the determination of the subject and object composition of rental relations, justification of the expediency of identifying the economic rent as an additional income, presenting proposals for the accounting of rent and rent payments, which will help to solve problems of the organization and methodology of the results of rent relations, as well as improving the reporting of economic entities.
Description: Osadcha, T. S. Accounting for realization of rental relations in Ukraine / S. Bardash, T. S. Osadcha // Baltic Journal of Economic Studies. – Riga : Publishing House “Baltija Publishing”, 2018. – Volume 4. Number 4. – P. 24-32 .
Appears in Collections:Факультет економіки і менеджменту.

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